You only are free when you realize you belong no place — you belong every place — no place at all,” Maya Angelou told Bill Moyers in their. Beneath the surface of this paradoxical sentiment is a kind of koan, simple yet , replete with layered truth for those living expatriated lives — expatriated from a place or a culture, in space or in time.
Two generations before Angelou, Gertrude Stein (February 3, 1874–July 27, 1946), living outas an American expatriate in Paris, addressed this paradox with uncommon insight and her characteristic koan-like style in a passage from her 1940 novel ( ).
Stein — Jewish and gay, writing while the world was coming undone by warring nationalisms and gas chambers disbelonging human beings fromobserves:
Everybody, that is, everybody who writes, is interested in living inside themselves towhat is inside themselves. That is why writers have to have two countries, the one where they belong and where they live. The second one is romantic; it is separate from themselves; it is not real, but there.
Stein notes that thetheir romantic home in Italy. Americans found theirs in Spain in the first half of the nineteenth . Her generation found it in Paris. Prefiguring Angelou’s sentiment, she adds:
Of course, sometimes people discover their own country as if it were the other… but in general, that country that you need to be free is in the other country,, not where you belong.
I read this and think of Leonard Cohen’s lovely notion of poetry asFor me, living an unbelonging life in a country other than the one in which I was born and raised, has been an increasingly vital portal to that inner landscape of freedom that Stein contours — a way of tending to and befriending the interior wilderness from which all creative work springs and which remains a sovereign territory of psychogeography, wherever one’s body may be located and whatever artificial borders may be drawn around it by outside observers.
Complement with poet and philosopher David Whyte onand Toni Morrison on , then revisit Maria Kalman’s magnificent .