Most people probably don’t think aboutregularly. But with reports of a small number of people developing blood clots after receiving either the or the vaccine, many people are now wondering what the warning signs are.
There are several variations of blood clots, each with its own set ofand options for treatment. , including medication, lifestyle factors, and other health conditions, and they can occur in different parts of the body.
All that said,can cause severe harm or be fatal if left unaddressed. If you’re concerned ― whether it’s because of a vaccine or, more likely, something else ― read on for the signs to to and advice on what to do if you think you’re at risk.
Symptoms Of Blood Clots
can originate in the veins or arteries. There are to be aware of, and each can lead to its potential complications. One type is called a thrombus, which is a stationary clot. These block blood flow in the part of the body where the clot occurs. Another type, an embolus, is a that can break loose. These are particularly dangerous because they can travel to other body parts ― like the .
The symptoms ofvary depending on the type. When the clot is stationary, like deep vein thrombosis (a lump in your leg), :
- Warmth and redness where the node is located ― typically in the leg or the arm
- Pain of the clot
- Numbness or weakness
- A change in your mental state
If the clot has traveled, leading to complications like a pulmonary embolism (a clot that has moved to your lungs), you may experience symptoms:
- Sudden shortness of breath
- A cough, with or without blood
- Clammy, pale, or blue skin
- Excessive sweating
- Nausea or vomiting
Some people who received the Johnson & Johnson vaccine developed complications from a clot originating in the veins near the brain, called, or CVST. is seen in combination with low levels of blood platelets. Blood clots can affect your arms, legs, heart, lungs, kidneys, and brain, depending on where they form and where they travel in the bloodstream.
(A few people who received the AstraZeneca shot experienced clots, but since the AstraZeneca dose isn’t yet approved for use in the United States, this story will focus on J&J.) According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the Food and Drug Administration, symptoms of this type of clot complication include severe headache, abdominal pain, leg pain, or shortness of breath within three weeks after vaccination.
A few important notes when it comes to the J&J vaccine: Blood clots following the shot appear to be extremely rare ― as of now, there are only sixout of nearly 7 million doses of the vaccine that have been distributed ― and have occurred within 13 days of vaccination. You have a higher risk of developing blood clots from actual .
“Just remember that COVID-19 causes blood clots,” infectious disease expert Amesh Adalja told HuffPost in. “And COVID-19 causes blood clots at a higher rate than the vaccine does.” Experts emphasize that the vaccine could be a game-changer for the pandemic, and a principal reason for the pause in distribution is to inform healthcare providers how to spot, . Don’t let this deter you from getting any .